capitalism creeps into vietnam - drying equipment
From January to 1968, the United StatesS.
Khe Sanh military base in central Vietnam is the site of bloody siege.
With fierce fireto-
205 Marines and at least 1,602 Vietnamese attackers were killed in the crossfire. Then the U. S.
Withdraw from Khe Sanh
Thirty years later, Lieutenant Le Van Nui's soldiers finally started using the territory they won.
The location of the base, located in the mountainous area near the border of Laos, can only be reached after a 41/2-kilometer trek
An hour's drive from the coast turned into a plantation.
The member for Le Van Nui is now a private coffee farmer.
In recent years, barefoot farmers have been transformed into prosperous coffee capitalists in Khe Sanh in the Highlands of Vietnam, as it appears from anywhere on the coffee map and becomes the number in the worldthree exporter.
It passed Indonesia last year (
Coffee in Java and Sumatra)
Shipment of 380,000 metric tons.
This brings some of the poorest people in the world to $0. 6 billion a year.
Vietnam's 78 million residents suffocated under a Hanoi bureaucracy for most of the post-war period, which was originally an orthodox communist and later evolved into pure parasites.
As one Western official said, "anyone who wants to invest here has to get 47 separate licenses, and bribes are required for each.
"In fact: when Forbes asked to interview government officials, an official from the state --
Vietnam's state-run news agency has announced that he needs to pay bribes to arrange for them.
Vietnam's GDP is only $26 billion a year, or $320, which is not surprising.
Singapore's per capita output in 1950 was $32,940, as poor as Vietnam's.
Why is coffee an emerging exception now?
A century ago, French colonists introduced coffee beans into Vietnam, but the country's arrival as a big producer dates back to 1991.
Pan Guocheng, director of Vietnam's leading coffee Research Institute.
"We were cut off from Soviet aid that year, so we had a 'People meeting, 'and told [
Workers in agricultural cooperatives
They can have private farms . "
After trying alternatives such as cashew nuts and cocoa, the authorities checked the coffee again.
Traders do not have to obtain an export license.
Substantial increase in output (see chart).
With the help of government "seed" funds, capitalist agriculture has surpassed the government's wildest dreams.
"I remember when a Vietnamese government official told me in 1992 that they were planning to double coffee production to 200,000 [I think it was a daydream]metric]
"By 2000, tons," said Takaki Ueno, a senior coffee trader at the Saigon office of Japanese trading company Itochu.
It turns out that Vietnam could reach 500,000 by 2000.
The drought in Brazil and the drought of 1995 in 1994 pushed up the price of coffee, thus boosting the production of geese. high.
Twenty years after the war
Lieutenant Nui says soldiers like private Chuchu Dragons survive through self-sufficient farming and earn $80 a year.
Now, thanks to coffee, Trong and many other soldiers have more than a billion net worth. -
In a country where $72,000 will give you a house, a sum of $1,000, a serious sum of money.
Khe Sanh is now an emerging city.
According to Nguyen Duy Cuong, a local truck driver, there was only one restaurant in town five years ago: a lump of grass --
A hut with a roof on the edge of a dirt road provides noodles.
Now, a broad concrete road across the city center is lined with new villas and various shops.
Alas, there are forgotten mines in the field, so an average of nine people die or are injured each year.
There's other coffee here.
Production areas, such as Darak province in the Central Highlands, coffee farmers check London's latest prices by phone and satellite antennas.
Vietnam's climate, raw soil and cheap labor in many growing areas have allowed farmers to produce up to 3,000 pounds kilograms of dried beans per acre, compared to 600 pounds kilograms in Brazil.
As Brazil and Colombia continue to expand in Vietnam while also increasing coffee production, "We are worried about a possible oversupply," said government President Doan Trieu Nhan --
It has the Vietnam Coffee and Cocoa Association.
Vietnam will win any global price war because of its cheap labor, Nhan added.
However, prices are expected to remain stable in 1999.
You will not find Vietnamese products proudly displayed in the West.
First of all, most of the trees are tall.
Robusta varieties with strong but not very fragrant yield;
Change to a higher direction
Valuable but low.
Production of arabica is just beginning.
The quality is not the best because Vietnamese farmers dry beans on muddy land;
The upgrade of the specific platform has just begun.
Finally, the name of the origin is a negative number.
Most of the coffee is sold through Singapore.
Traders who change the origin to any item the customer wants: Brazil, Indonesia, Colombia, etc.
A coffee merchant in Saigon said.
Vietnam currently exports 22% of its coffee to the United States. S.
Multinational companies such as Nestle, Newman Group, sukafina and Cargill are also sending Vietnamese coffee to more than 40 other countries.
Vietnam will soon start exporting a lot of high-quality coffee.
With some help from France, 250,000 acres of land, mainly in the northern highlands, are becoming Arabica plantations.
2001 will usher in the first bumper harvest.
After the variety and drying equipment upgrade, the next urgent need is to try to prevent the kind of environmental disaster suffered by tea in the North
Some once soil
The lush areas of the North are so barren now that farmers lock their outer houses to prevent the theft of household fertilizers.
More capitalism will also help;
In a country where bureaucracy replaces law, bookkeeping is mysterious and banking is backward.
Song said he has enough confidence in the future of coffee to enter the industry on his own when he retires next year.
He is jealous of the farmers in the Ban Me Thuot area where he works, and their monthly salary as head of the government agricultural research center is ten times as high as his $120.
"I found a hill where I could grow Arabica coffee and ginseng," he said . "
"I will call it the door of God coffee and find a foreign company to help me sell it.
He then asked the reporter about the Starbucks contact.